The Scandinavian design started in the 1930s and gained popularity in the 1950s. The influence of Scandinavian design philosophy and style is seen in contemporary interior designs today. Interior design based on Scandinavian principles aims to improve the quality of daily life using furniture, lighting, everyday items such as dishes, textiles, and accessories.
The Scandinavian interior design demonstrates a strong relationship between nature and design, with elements reflecting the culture and climate of the Nordic countries. Comfort, minimalism, craftsmanship, aesthetics, and functionality are core features of Scandinavian design, and you can see it in the furniture design. If you want to incorporate Scandinavian design into your space, you can use the following principles to guide you.
The Scandinavian design reflects the culture of the Nordic people, and traditionally their homes were small, leaving little room for clutter. The long winter periods required open spaces that were comfortable to live in for long periods. While living spaces have become bigger in modern times, minimalism remains one of the most notable elements of Scandinavian interior design.
The Swedish principle of ‘lagom,’ which translates to ‘just the right amount,’ is ideal to describe the minimalistic concept. In Scandinavian interior design, moderation and harmony are essential; you should carefully choose what you require to keep your home functional.
Minimalistic spaces are airy and leave room to breathe, while clean and neutral palettes give a calm and peaceful atmosphere.
- White and neutral colors
The Nordic region experiences extensive harsh winters, and the white shades reflect the natural light better. The Scandinavian color palette relies heavily on whites and neutral natural colors that complement the minimalistic design. Muted shades of grey, pink, tan, blue, and sage green add a pop of soft color.
White and neutral colors reflect the natural light making the space brighter and airy. In addition, they blend well with the wooden furniture and natural material used in the design. You can incorporate natural colors using rugs and accessories with graphic patterns and prints.
- Contrasting profiles
The minimalism and use of white and neutral colors in Scandinavian design offer a perfect background for various designs. You can mix and match designs and patterns and contrast them against the natural color palette. In addition, you can use different textures to transform the mood and feel of the space.
Light and dark shades of the colors offer limitless design. For example, a dark floor and stark white walls for a dramatic effect, graphic prints and patterned frames against a white plush seat, or a lush green plant against a neutral wall. You can also incorporate patterns on accessories such as curtains, rugs, and cushions.
- Adequate lighting
Since Nordic countries experience long dark winters, adequate lighting is an essential part of their home designs. The Scandinavian design makes use of natural light with large windows that have minimum coverings. White and pale-colored translucent window coverings enable you to maximize natural light.
In Scandinavian design, various sources of artificial lighting provide additional light. A mixture of table and floor lamps and ceiling pendants provide the required additional light. Warm candlelight also makes the home cozy on long winter nights.
Additionally, the white and neutral color palette reflects light making it brighter and the minimalistic design makes the room feel airy and calm.
- Craftsmanship and quality
Scandinavian design is well known for the craftsmanship that results in high-quality and functional furniture pieces. Minimalism requires you to choose items that are necessary and functional. Scandinavian furniture is beautiful with a handcrafted feel and flowing edges inspired by nature.
Multi-functional furniture is a necessity in Scandinavian design because they complement the minimalistic style. You can choose a coffee table that has a storage chest or a bench with in-built storage space. In addition, Scandinavian furniture comprises sustainable materials that will serve you for a long time.
- Natural and eco-friendly materials
Scandinavian designs showcase the beautiful relationship between nature and creativity. Furniture consists of sustainable wood from beech, pines, and birch. The designs utilize natural, sustainable materials such as wood and natural textures such as leather, wool, and cotton that help conserve the environment. In addition, the homes are built and designed to be minimalistic and efficient.
The floors, walls and furniture, and ornaments consist of organic and natural materials.
For example, wood is left unpainted for an organic feel. Natural stone for kitchen floors and sinks is a great natural alternative to wooden flooring.
- Indoor plants
Scandinavian design highlights nature’s beauty and is a great way to appreciate nature by bringing the outdoors inside. Live indoor plants make the space brighter and calmer.
In Scandinavian design, hygge is a Danish word used to express the mood of coziness, feelings of contentment, and wellness. Since the word describes the emotional response to a feeling, it is challenging to design for hygge. However, you can promote a sense of comfort and happiness in your home.
To make your home feel cozy, incorporate things that make you feel warm and comfortable. For example, you can buy scented candles, warm woolen blankets, and throws to curl up on your seat with a book or warm drink on a cold evening. Additionally, you use a fireplace to keep your home warm and cozy. Keep it burning in the winter, or place candles and flower arrangements for year-round coziness.
You can create a cozy and relaxing retreat in your home with these Scandinavian elements. A clutter-free home full of light will bring a sense of harmony and comfort that promotes well-being. A neutral color palette complements the minimalistic style and makes your home brighter. Finally, complete the Scandinavian decor by bringing the calmness of nature inside using live indoor plants.